Damascus is located in the southwestern part of Syria, It sits within a fertile oasis on the eastern slopes of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range.
2. GEOGRAPHIC BORDERS:
The city is situated in a basin surrounded by the Anti-Lebanon mountains to the west and the desert to the east. It is also relatively close to the Barada River, which historically played a vital role in the city's water supply.
3. SIGNIFICANCE IN HISTORY:
Damascus is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, with a history spanning over 11,000 years. It has served as a major center for trade, culture, and politics throughout its long history.
The city of Damascus covers an area of approximately 105 square kilometers (40.6 square miles), making it one of the largest cities in Syria.
5. POPULATION AND DENSITY:
Before the Syrian conflict, Damascus was one of the most populous cities in the country, with over 2 million residents.
the Umayyad Mosque, an ancient and historically significant mosque; the Azem Palace, an architectural masterpiece from the Ottoman era; and the Straight Street (Via Recta), an ancient Roman road mentioned in the Bible.
Before the conflict, Damascus had a diverse economy that included manufacturing, agriculture, and trade. The city was known for producing textiles, food products, and handicrafts.
Damascus is renowned for its rich and flavourful Middle Eastern cuisine. Popular dishes include shawarma, falafel, kebabs, tabbouleh, Kebbeh, Hummus and baklava. The city's food culture reflects its diverse and multicultural history.
10. FLAG AND LOGO
Damascus, like other Syrian cities, typically flies the national flag of Syria, which features three horizontal stripes of red, white, and black, with two green stars in the white stripe. The city may also use the Syrian national emblem, which includes two green ears of wheat, denoting agriculture, and a black hawk, representing Syria's strength.